Back pain is one of the most common reasons for visits to doctors all over the world. According to various sources, this can be a symptom of at least one time in their life came from the 90% to 100% of people. The back issues are on the list of main causes for the care of the hospital.
The pain in the back is very different. Sometimes, it is just a result of fatigue, or muscle spasms, but sometimes it indicates a serious disease. The pain can occur in between the shoulder blades, lower back, side of the vertebral column, to give a hand or a foot. They often lead to the violation of the motion in the spine. There are some people who "pull" the other "pricks" and the third is in the back of the "fire". It is important to identify and eliminate the cause, namely, the longer the time, the symptom of it can be enhanced, so as to take a man into a cripple.
Which diseases there is pain in the back?
Most often back pain are acute, that is, the mind is no more than three months. Rarely, a more long-term, chronic pain.
The most banal reason for the high activity in untrained men. Have to raise the Office on the fourth floor of the house, where there is no lift — and the next day in the back, it will start "whining".
Often, the back starts to pain after injury. Most often, it's just a bruise, but sometimes there are more serious injuries of the spine: subluxations of the vertebrae, compression fractures. The correct diagnosis helps to establish the radiography,computed tomography.
It is estimated that there is a common cause of back pain — myofascial pain syndrome. In the rear, there are areas of tension — the so-called trigger points. They have become a source of pain.
The majority of people diagnosed with back pain — low back pain. However, many modern practitioners, it raises questions. It is believed that low back pain occurs due to degenerative changes in the spine. However, these changes are almost all men after 40 years, but the pain in my back, it's not at all.
When it comes to degenerative changes in the intervertebral disc, and its thick outer part is stretched and is destroyed, and the internal soft-start (soft start bulging outside of the vertebrae putting pressure on nerve roots and the spinal cord, causing pain. This condition is called a herniated disc.
Incorrect posture and scoliosis can also cause pain.
Osteoporosis is a common problem for women during post-menopause period of time. The bone tissue is destroyed, it loses its density, including the vertebrae. A rare cause of back pain is a malignant tumor that compresses the spinal cord and the nerves.
That are often pain in the back?
There are a few risk factors are present in your life, you have to, sooner or later, with an increased risk of a sore back and you will have a problem with the spine:
- a sedentary life-style;
- flat feet;
- excessive exercise;
- a common stress — these are caused by chronic muscle tension.
Often, the pain can occur or increase during pregnancy.
In some cases, you will need to go to the doctor?
If your back hurts a lot and for a long time, and in any case, you'll need to visit a neurologist. However, some alarming symptoms - "screaming" on that visit to the doctor is necessary:
• severe pain after trauma;
• back pain is combined with fever;
• incontinence of stool and urine;
• intense pain that radiates into the arms or legs together with numbness, tingling, and other unpleasant feelings;
• severe pain, which still bothers you, it remains even during the rest periods.
How to diagnose the cause of back pain?
In most cases, a neurologist may be called the cause of the pain after the inspection, without additional testing. If it is, this needs to be clarified, and the possibility that the^
- magnetic resonance imaging,
- electromyographic registration of the electric impulses in the nerves and the muscles using special electrodes) in
- is sometimes necessary blood tests.
One of the easiest and fastest research that helps to evaluate the condition of the spinal column and to the detection of pathology — radiography. Usually the paintings are made in two planes, the frontal profile. Recovery is usually 4-6 adjacent vertebrae, which is supposed to have originated pathology.
X-rays of the spinal column helps to identify the disorders of the vertebrae of the (in their bodies, arches and processes), the intervertebral discs and joints, trauma (fractures, subluxations of the vertebrae), congenital abnormalities, osteophytes (overgrowth of bone), osteoporosis, and other changes.
How to treat back pain?
In the majority of cases back pain is not caused by a serious illness. An uncomfortable symptom, which can be controlled by the following:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Of medical gymnastics.
- Of a massage.
- For many people chiropractic helps.
- In the case of certain chronic pain in the back of cope antidepressants.
Most common diseases that cause back pain are very amenable to medical treatment. The activities necessary to resort to a rare. Of course, some of the disease, more to postpone the visit to the doctor and start treatment, the more the increase in the change in the spinal column, or, as it grows, and the chance to be on the table in the operating room.