Thousands of years ago, when monkeys came down from the tree, the man's spine was the first test of the vertical load. This has led to the fact that there were preconditions for their disease. In the modern era of high technology, forced position at work and Generally sedentary lifestyle are all the more question arises – what to do if your back hurts? The answers to these questions you can hear a lot, but only a set of proper therapeutic and preventive measures that will help you forget about back pain.
Just like any disease, pain in the back requires the correct approach for the determination of the causes. Typically, the pain associated with pathology of the spine. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a neurologist and radiology research, the best of them will be MSCT or MRI. Instrumental studies will help to determine the level of spinal injury, and detect the presence of indications for surgical treatment.
Treatment with medication to relieve severe pain
What to do for back pain? The most rapid effect is obtained from treatment with medications. The standard treatment includes:
- A drug that relaxes the muscles
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers
- Vitamin therapy
Medicines, which enables you to remove the muscle spasm, you need to use in the first hours of the acute onset of pain. The release of muscle tension, which allows you to quickly remove the resulting compression of the spine the roots, remove the spasm from the muscles. This leads to a strong reduction of pain. Also relieve muscle spasm, is the most important step in the treatment of spine pathology.
Anti-inflammatory drugs allow you to quickly ease pain and inflammation, if the sore back. It can be used in injections and tablets as well as externally — in the form of ointment or gel. Vitamin. Strengthens and protects the nerve fibers from the harmful external influences.
Vitamins group "b", have the ability to improve the conduct nerve impulses, which helps to remove many negative phenomena, in addition to the pain.
Chondroprotectors – preparations containing chondroitins and glucosamine — those substances, which exist in healthy cartilage for the joints and the intervertebral discs. The inflammatory process, noted the lack of them.
Important! All medicines should be taken only as directed by your doctor. In the opposite case, we can expect the development of complications, which exceeds the required doses and other nasty things.
Non-drug ways to cope with the disease
Unfortunately, drug treatment of pain are not always available. In the presence of Allergy, intolerance, severe concomitant disease, pregnancy, use of many drugs is impossible. And this was the pregnancy and accompanying diseases, often caused by the development of pain. What you need to do, if you really bad back, and the drugs are contraindicated? It will help drug-free methods:
- Massage. Massage is one of the safest medical procedures. The only absolute contraindication is cancer in the patient. Massage will relieve muscle spasm, reflex reduce pain, improve the blood flow in all tissues. This will have a positive impact on Overall health.
- Physiotherapy is also a safe treatment. The effects of electric current, magnetic fields, the subcutaneous placing of anesthetics, which makes it possible to achieve exceptional results. Muscle spasm reduced pain in the back are for a very short time to strengthen the weak muscles, and nutrition of tissues is significantly improved.
However, before carrying out the procedures necessary to consult with a doctor / physical therapist to identify the most appropriate method of treatment and identify possible contraindications (allergic reactions, oncopathology, thyroid disease, etc).
- Manual therapy and acupuncture. These methods are similar as are in force for the massage, but operating on a more subtle level, the integration of reflexes.
Slight pain, shift or stretching of the muscles reflexively triggers a series of answers. The result is a reduction or elimination of pain, restoration of sensitivity. This is also one of the ways to keep the body in good shape, if you have back pain. But to entrust this procedure only to professionals. In addition to the above-mentioned methods of therapeutic effects, it is completely safe and very effective method for the control and prevention– physiotherapy.
Physical exercises to combat pain and prevent
The ancient Greeks said – the movement of life. The profession of physical therapy in any case does not preclude the provision of other rehabilitative measures. However, exercises for back pain can mean, first aid, no access to other ways. This is due to the increased blood flow to inflamed areas, which contributes to a more rapid elimination of toxic substances in the inflammation that cause pain. Here are some examples of exercises:
- Exercise the cat. Standing on all four, prognut the arc as far back as possible, then hold this position for a few seconds. Repeat 3-4 times. This charging, when the back pain is especially effective for the chest and waist.
- Standing, interlock hands to the back, seizing with one hand the wrist of the other hand, and then push them back in the lumbar region. Exercise relaxes tense back muscles — especially chest and transfers the load to the muscles of the arms.
- Sitting on a chair, tilt the head down as far as possible, gradually and very carefully. Try to reach the chin on the chest. If touched or the pain does not allow, slowly lift the head in its original position and back a bit. Repeat a few times. Effective implementation takes the load off the neck muscles.
Perform daily these exercises you sick and lower back. Executing them should not be afraid for the measurement of pain. This is just proof that the strain of a weakened and inflamed areas. If you have a weakened back muscles (especially for people who lead a sedentary lifestyle), physiotherapy will help to strengthen the muscles and reduce the load on the spine.
Ideal activity, which includes working almost all the muscles of the body, is swimming. Also, the reduction of the complex may include a contrast shower and cold water, that the reflex effect on the entire body.
It is important to know that it is charging, when the back pain will be effective only in the event that the regular and proper performance. Exercises to learn better to do it under the supervision of a medical doctor-specialist of physical therapy. Then they can perform independently at home. Don't forget — the health of your back depends on You.