Lower back pain: causes, signs, symptoms, treatment

Lower back pain is a symptom that will be revealed to every person at least once in your life. Health statistics, is that throughout his life, pain in this area occur in about 80% of the population in European countries. At the same time, doctors are beginning to sound the alarm, as this symptom has become "younger". If it is lower back pain on the right or left to give up or not would in the leg, was the prerogative of older people, now the average age of its primary manifestations – from 35 to 45 years. It is often diagnosed even in adolescents. All of this shows that the question – why is a sore lower back, the answer is everyone should know, but no one is immune from the occurrence of such painful feelings.

pain in the low back

In fact, the causes for progression of this pathological condition quite a lot. Often the pain in the lumbar region, accompanied by pain, sciatica, backache, various disease of the lumbosacral. It is important to understand that if you observe this symptom, it is in any case impossible to ignore. Of course, you can trigger a clean of the physiological reasons, such as increased physical activity or hypothermia. But pain in this area can be the first sign of progression of serious diseases in the human body. It is important to immediately go to the front desk by a qualified doctor who will be able to determine the real cause of this condition and prescribe the appropriate treatment.


According to their localization:

  • local. In this case, the pain syndrome is manifested in one particular place in the lumbar region. In some cases, the pain radiates into the leg. Often seen the pain in the back below the waist;
  • generalized. In this case, the pain syndrome encompasses not only the lumbar region but also the entire back.

Depending on the duration of the pain syndrome is distinguished by:

  • recurrent pain;
  • permanent.

Recurrent pain

The name of this symptom is due to the fact that it disappears when it is removed the pain, and the person is fully recovered. Often the discomfort of this type, which occur as a result of improper physical activity or physiological characteristics of the human body. But is often the cause of occasional pain becomes the pathology of the internal organs. acute. It should be noted that pain, the cause of which are diseases of the vital organs, can be of two types:

  • broadcast;
  • expressed.

Persistent pain

It typically causes symptoms of pain these types are:

  • inflammation in the bone and cartilage structures;
  • processes of dystrophy and destruction of bone and cartilage;
  • violation of blood flow in the veins of the legs.

Much less often the cause of constant pain in the lumbar region is damage to the muscle structures or internal organs. About the progress of the pain syndrome this type of say that if for the elimination of the pathological focus is almost impossible, because the mechanism of degeneration of bone and cartilage has already been launched. The essence here is that in medicine today there are practically no tools that could completely eliminate the dystrophic or degenerative processes in the human body.

The main reasons for the manifestation of chronic pain:

  • the defeat of the nerve fibers that go from the vertebrae of the lumbar;
  • damage to the nervous nodules, localized in the vicinity of the spine in the region of the lumbosacral and lumbar.

Disease, a phenomenon which accompanied by constant pain in the lumbar:

  • lumbago;
  • intervertebral osteochondrosis;
  • sciatica;
  • lumbar hernia;
  • scoliosis;
  • sciatica lower back (pain often radiates into the leg);
  • thrombophlebitis. Characterized by strong pain, which radiates into the affected leg. Often there is also a strong inflammation around the damaged blood vessels;
  • atherosclerosis 3 or 4 degrees;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • spondylosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • the different length of the legs.

Pain syndrome in women

causes of back pain

Often the question why it hurts loin, ask the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity. Lower back pain on the right or left may be one of the first signs of progression of the threat of gynecological diseases.

Reasons for pain in lower back right and left side in women:

  • adnexitis. Predominantly localized pain in the abdomen, but often also give in the waist and also feet;
  • torsion of ovarian cyst;
  • menopause;
  • pregnancy.

Pain in the lower back in men

Lower back pain on the left or right of the representatives of the stronger sex often occur because of the peculiarities of their professional activity. But they also can signal about the progress of the following diseases:

  • prostatitis;
  • epididymitis. The main place of localization of pain the inguinal region. But it may also be that the lower back and legs.

The most common causes for pain

Lower back pain on the left or the right, apparently due to the progression of the disease of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, diseases of the vital organs with the infectious nature. Also this symptom can be a sign of the growth of cancer or surgical complication, that is caused by metabolic disorders.

Causes of pain in the low back to the left and right can be the following:

  • appendicitis. In this case, the main place of localization of pain to the right iliac fossa, but they may be given in the lower part of the back. Usually display lower pain in the back, on the right;
  • in the cholecystitis. Pain is often expressed in the right hypochondrium and radiates to the lower back. In the observed manifestation of pain in the lower back on the right (due to the location of the lesions of the gallbladder);
  • pancreatitis;
  • adhesions after surgery;
  • kidney pathology. In this case, you may as nagging lower back pain and acute. According to the kidney, which is susceptible to a pathological process, it will apparently lower back pain, right or left. Painful sensations accompany pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, nephrosclerosis and so on. Acute back pain often shows on the background of urolithiasis, when he formed the conglomerate passes through the urinary ways;
  • obesity 4 degrees. Pain low back pain is due to the increased load in this area;
  • myositis. Sharp pain in the low back with such diseases usually occur in severe hypothermia;
  • infectious processes that occur in the bone tissue. For this condition characterized by acute pain in the low back;
  • of the tumor. In the early stages, the pain may not be possible. Acute back pain is manifested in the 3-4 stage of development the cancer.

Therapeutic measures

Usually patients are concerned, not only the question of why a sore lower back, but also im wondering what to do in this situation? Algorithm steps may vary depending on whether the cause of the pain or not.

If the patient has no idea what triggered the sharp pain in the lower back, the first thing you must do is to measure your body temperature. To this day, so there is a high probability of painful emotions triggered by the progression of infectious or inflammatory processes. Themselves to do nothing not recommended-it is better to call the doctor or go to the health facility for consultation and diagnosis.

If the cause of pain is the stretching of muscle fibres or injury, in this case, you can start to do the following:

  • take anti-inflammatory drugs. This measure of treatment will help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation;
  • yourself for treatment, you can diuretic drug;
  • fixation of the muscles and bones of the lower back with a towel.

What not to do:

  • if it was a persistent manifestation of lower back pain that radiates into the leg, take pain killers constantly is not recommended. Elimination of the main symptom (pain), can later hamper the process of diagnosis;
  • as the treatment method can be used for heating. Many people believe that if you warm up the affected area, the pain subsides. This is not so;
  • no need to go for the treatment of a physician, if a violation of the position of the vertebrae. Such changes can result from degenerative processes, therefore, without treatment measures can not be used until, until you have done a full review of the body.

Treatment of pain in the lumbar region, the doctor a neurologist. The treatment plan is formulated depending on what is triggering the expression of pain. Methods can be both conservative and surgical. First, doctors usually decide to resort to conservative methods of treatment, and only because of its inefficiencies, to contact the surgery.

The treatment can consist in the reception of such medicines:

  • antibiotics;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • glucocorticoids;
  • diuretics;
  • antispasmodics;
  • the probiotics and stuff.