Why back pain radiates into the leg: causes, treatment, what to do when back pain

Many people are familiar with pain in the back or back, left, right and sideways. For the treatment of aching back, you need to install the correct diagnosis, which is complicated due to the presence of a number of diseases, similar symptom: degenerative disease in lower spine, pinching the nerves, a complication after trauma, and also cysts on the ovaries. After the stress of the situation get worse, and then the back pain radiates into the leg, sometimes so strong that it is difficult to walk.

pain in the back and legs,


In addition to the pain on the right or on the left side of the back may be concerned about the General weakness in the legs, often the appearance of goose skin, slight numbness and cramps in the night. The stronger the suffering, the legs, where the pain irradiates more.

Please note that sometimes pain in the lower back and the legs are of different origin and are not related. Carefully check the veins in the legs: pain may occur due to poor blood supply.

According to statistics, which is the most susceptible to low back pain, elderly people and those who lead a sedentary life: office workers, drivers, active computer users.

Causes for pain syndrome

Find out what it takes to heal, it is necessary, consult with a qualified professional. There are a lot of diseases, characterized by pain in the back, bestower in the leg, and here are some of them:

Radicular syndromes

Shows the compression of spinal roots (nerves). The most common cause of this syndrome is pain in the low back, which is the destruction of the spine, joints and intervertebral discs to the vertebral bodies. With the development of the pathology and greater areas of inflammation near the spinal roots that are less sensitive certain areas of the skin and increase pain.

According to neurologists, in most cases, degenerative diseases of the spine are the source of low back pain.

The development of symptoms and their manifestation depends on the location of pathology. If you have pain in the back and radiates into the leg, the inflammation occurs in the lumbar-sacral part of the spine responsible for the operation and sensitivity of the leg muscles.

Forms a sort of cyclic process: the pain resulting from the muscle spasm leads to an increase in the compression of the nerve, which increases the pain.

There are several causes of radicular syndrome in addition to osteochondrosis:

  • Trauma of the spine.
  • Herniated discs and protrusions. Appeared in vbuhanie or the loss of some parts of the intervertebral discs in the region of the vertebrae.
  • Heredity.
  • The specific infection that leads to inflammation. An example of such infection is tuberculosis of the spine, and syphilis.

Sciatica (sciatica)

Is not an independent disease. Rather, it is a complex of symptoms caused by degenerative changes in the spine. Due to compression of the roots of the sciatic nerve the patient may experience pain along the entire length of the nerve: in your pages on the hips, below the knee, in tarso.

Despite the fact that pathology develops in the lumbosacral region, the pain is concentrated at the exit of the sciatic nerve – the buttocks.

Sciatica the patient has problems in the implementation of physical exercise, which are not able to focus on the affected leg, and easy bending and squats are impossible. Also maybe a little numb painful legs, which can spread in the hands.

Lumbago (lumbago)

pain in the back and leg treatment

Acute back pain radiating to the leg, occurs due to excessive exercise, followed by a sharp cooling of the body. Even minor physical efforts only worsen the condition, patients are often not able to move independently.

A few days of rest will relieve lumbago, although not able to fully heal from it.


Accompanied by low back pain, swelling of the soft tissues near the spine and reduce the sensitivity on the legs. Occurs due to Deletion of the intervertebral discs, after severe injury or prolonged stress on the spine.


A strong and sharp pain that limits a person's movement and not stand on the leg. Modified posture: bending forward, backward bend in the thoracic spine. Pathology accompanied by numbness in the right or left of the leg and a feeling of weight in the limbs.

And Lumbalization, sacralization

Both diseases are congenital malformations:

  1. When Lumbalization the number of vertebrae is reduced due to the fact that they are placed in the lumbar region and the sacrum.
  2. When the sacralization of the number of vertebrae increases.

Painful sensation in the back, manifested to 20 years and is aggravated by physical exertion and the error region of the spine.

Pinch the sciatic nerve

The sciatic nerve is the largest in our body, because it is formed from nerve roots of the sacral and lumbar spine.

The cause of the entrapment, are the following:

  • injury and improper treatment;
  • hypothermia;
  • physical activity;
  • the progression of the spinal cord herniation and degenerative disc disease.

In the treatment of entrapment primarily to eliminate muscle spasms and pain. The drug is prescribed by a doctor and includes a variety of types of drugs that relieve pain: anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants and others. To further restore physiotherapy and physical exercise.

Other reasons

Pain in the back radiating to the legs, which are not always associated with lesions of the spine. The reasons for the appearance of this symptom may be:
  1. In kidney pathology.
  2. Gynecological diseases in women (inflammation of the appendages, ovarian cysts).
  3. Severe infectious disease (HIV).
  4. Long-term contact with chemicals, radiation.
  5. Certain surgical diseases.
  6. The abuse of alcohol and drugs.

This problem also occurs in pregnant women, and very often.

Back pain radiating to the leg appears in the early stages of pregnancy and often takes place only after the birth of the child.

First of all, in this case pain behind the right or left due to the increased load on the spine due to the increased weight and shift the centre of gravity of the abdomen due to the development of a fetus. However, if the pain for a long time, persist even after childbirth, you should consult with your doctor.

Outpatient treatment

Unfortunately, sometimes asking for help is not possible. In this case, there are several ways that you can alleviate the patient's condition:

back pain and foot exercises
  • Passive rest. One of the most important points. If you are a bugged pain in the back, radiating to the right or left leg, it is necessary to abandon all the loads on the spine.
  • The strength of the correction. A balanced diet provides the body the necessary nutrients. Due to the elimination of cellular starvation, you will have the strength to fight against the disease.
  • Massages. The main objective of the massage is getting the inflammation and muscle tension in the back and legs. Massage will improve blood circulation, which has a positive impact on health.
  • Tepidus procedure. Heating pads, ointments and warm baths will help reduce the pain.
  • Metered load. Physiotherapy, swimming and stretching will develop problem areas and improve blood circulation. Pay attention to your feelings during exercise: do not feel pain, and when it appears, you should immediately reduce the load.

Expert advice

Despite the effectiveness of the "at home" methods, if you have pain in the back and radiates into the leg, the best option is to appeal to the specialist. According to the results of a full diagnosis, the doctor will determine the cause of the disease. The most effective method in the fight against the disease, which will be an integrated approach that combines medication, nutrition, exercise and ointments that will give the best result.

In addition to the doctor's recommendations to prevent hypothermia, heavy lifting and unnecessary stress on the spine. This will not put the disease for the transition in the phase of its deterioration and reduce pain.


To prevent the development of disease is always easier than curing. Preventive measures will help you avoid diseases of the spine and strengthening of the achieved result of the treatment.

To not feel the pain the pain the lower back, it is enough to fulfil only two conditions:

  1. Regular exercise. Do yoga, swimming, Pilates, walk or just do the morning workout. Jogging, step and other active sports better to be postponed because sudden movement can cause pain.
  2. Welcome chondroprotectors. These types of products contain harsh chemicals, which is in the cartilage. Chondroprotectors the protection of the intervertebral discs and slow down the degradation of cartilage.

Do not forget that the health of a person, which are exclusively in their hands! Simple exercise, frequent checkups, the doctors and relieve the disease in the early stages will help you to never forget the pain in the lower back. But unfortunately, if you have no desire that is to be welcomed, this will not help you, and the best doctor.