The main reasons for pain in lower back

Almost anyone can suffer from pain back at the bottom. To get rid of such pain should be to determine the cause of its occurrence. This can help an expert. What hurts the lower back, and how this pathology of the proper treatment?

The causes of pathological phenomena

Pain in the lower back

All types of pain, which is a signal of any violations the human body. If the pain in the lower back, the reasons may be very different. They can be classified into the following groups:

  1. Household fatigue.
  2. Problems associated with dysfunction of the spine.
  3. Of gynecological diseases.
  4. The period of pregnancy.
  5. Urolithiasis and kidney disease.
  6. Urological pathology.
  7. Disorders in the intestine.

Pain can be of different nature, namely chronic or acute, or sudden, coming, constant, or aching. There is such pain and women and men and even children.

Most often susceptible to back pain such categories of people:

  1. Have suffered injury.
  2. Older than 50 years.
  3. Have problems with the musculoskeletal system.
  4. In the history, where there are other chronic diseases.
  5. Abuse of the addiction.
  6. Pregnant women.
The treatment of such pain depends on the cause, that cause their appearance. This is, as a rule, the name of the doctor after an in-depth review.

Problems with the spine

The most common cause of pain in the lumbar region and the sacrum, is generally considered to be pathological processes in the spine. Diseases that cause this kind of pain following:

  • osteochondrosis;
  • a herniated disk;
  • trauma of the spine;
  • spondiloarthrosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • stenosis in the spinal canal;
  • Bechterew's disease;
  • neoplasms.

In addition to all of the above, there are factors that also affect the functioning of the spine, so that he can experience pain in the lower back. These are as follows:

  • a sharp increase in the weight from the top to the bottom;
  • incorrect posture when working on a Table;
  • fatigue associated with frequent bending during operation, for example, in the country;
  • a long uncomfortable the specific situation in the car;
  • overload training, especially for beginners.

Lower back, left and right may also hurt from lifting weights with one hand, which is in the sharp bend of the spine in the opposite direction. Still pain left in the lower back indicates the advanced stage of the disease. These include:

  • the shift of the intervertebral disc with osteochondrosis;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • tuberculosis;
  • the development of tumors.

Painful at the bottom on the right side, it may be the cause of intestinal diseases, hormonal disorders and obesity.

The solution for the manifestation of such pain on the left and the right side to contact an expert for advice.

Gynecological pathology

Pain in lower back in women can be associated not only with diseases of the spine, and with gynecological problems.

Back pain in women

Among these are:

  • the risk of detachment of the ovum in the first trimester of pregnancy;
  • infectious diseases of the pelvic organs;
  • cervical cancer;
  • inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometritis);
  • prolapse or uterine prolapse;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • rupture of the cyst or cysts which is twisted;
  • fibroids the ovaries.

The above listed ailments require urgent treatment in a medical institution.

Also a common cause of back pain after the birth, which is a rupture of the muscles of the pelvic floor. The pain symptoms are felt, then not only the lower part of the back, abdomen, lower back and the sacrum.

Most often the pain in the back and lower part of the abdomen in the female half due to the menstrual cycle. In this period, increases the production of the so-called pain mediators called prostaglandins. In a certain period of menstruation, and the pain itself disappears.

During pregnancy symptoms lumbar pain, can also. This is because the fetus grows and becomes larger in size, and the ability to carry loads in women tend to be reduced. In addition, progesterone, which is actively produced during pregnancy makes the joints and ligaments weak.
Kidney disease and urological problems

Lumbar pain can be treated by the doctors as one of the symptoms of kidney disease nephritis. In this case, the pain of a permanent nature, and if you have kidney stones which are aggravated by shaking and walking. With the development of cystitis pain symptoms are felt more in the suprapubic portion, but may be placed and in the lower part of the back. Additional symptoms of these diseases, for a more correct diagnosis are:

  • cramps and burning when you urinate;
  • fever;
  • the change in color of urine;
  • General weaknesses.

If a man is experience pain in the low back, the first thing is to exclude such pathological processes, such as prostatitis and adenoma. This will aid and additional symptoms in such diseases of the prostate:

  • decreases potency;
  • difficult urination:
  • discharge from the urethra.

If prostatitis is acute, and the symptoms will be pronounced, if it is in the chronic stage – this is the little.

Bowel disease

One should not forget the problems in the different sections of the intestine, which also give rise to pain in the low back. These include appendicitis, colitis, proctitis. Lumbar pain in this case is one of the symptoms of these diseases. In addition to her it may spread to the sides, possible fever, intestinal disorders in the form of diarrhea or constipation. Colitis in stool can be detected admixture of blood, mucus, pus.

In General, the correct and clear picture of the development of pain in the back, which indicates the name of the doctor after the diagnosis, which includes a variety of tests, namely:

  • General analysis of blood and urine;
  • biochemical blood analysis;
  • smear of the secretions from the genitals;
  • urine analysis according to Nechyporenko, zimnitskiy;
  • x-rays of the spine;
  • MRI and CT scans;
  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • endoscopy in the intestine.

If necessary, the above listed a list, you can add the doctor and other tests, in order to properly answer the question, why sore lower back.


Causes of back pain in the lower part of the wide range, from simple fatigue during exercise to serious illnesses. Such a pain cause patient discomfort, and can not have to move. On this basis, it is important to go to a specialist for help to install the reason and proper diagnosis. It is not recommended to delay the treatment so as not to aggravate the condition.