Why is a sore lower back for women: the 9 most important causes, treatment and prevention

Lower back pain in women may be a symptom of diseases of the spine, kidneys and reproductive organs and be a result of the injury, so it is impossible to ignore this signal body problems. Let's see, why is a sore lower back for women and how to deal with this condition.

Features of lower back pain in women and the mechanism of their occurrence

Lower back pain in women can be transient, prolonged or permanent. The duration of this symptom allows you to suspect the specific reason for their appearance. For example, short-term episode of pain in the lumbar region often occurs on the background of is an external effect – injury or physical exertion.


At the same time, the constant feeling of pain in the lower back may indicate more serious causes, such as lumbar osteochondrosis, urolithiasis, inflammation of the appendages, etc.

Therefore, long-term or constant pain in the lumbar region require specialist advice first, therapist. Doctor based on examination of the body may suggest the cause of the problem and guide to appropriate experts.

In addition, the duration of the pain syndrome, it is important to determine the intensity and localization.

Depending on the intensity of the pain can be mild, medium, hard and strong.

Lower back pain can be one sided and the surrounding. The unilateral location of the pain characterized by inflammation of the ovaries, kidney disease, ureteral stones, etc. in addition, the pain may radiate to the lower abdomen, inner thighs, genitals, coccyx, sacrum, or upper quadrant.

Pain in the lumbar region, women have very often together with abdominal pain.

It should also be said that the pain can be localized both above and below the waist. In addition to the pain syndrome is a woman, trouble and other unpleasant symptoms, such as fever, malaise, different discharges and abdominal pain, headaches, dizziness, etc.

Let's talk about what sore lower back in women.

Sore lower back: causes in women

A woman's body has several features, for example, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, gynecological diseases, which will greatly expand the range of diseases that cause pain in the lumbar region. The young men, the appearance of low back pain are primarily associated with the pathology of the spine. At the same time, the first thing you need to rule out certain causes of lower back pain in women, regardless of age.

Causes of lower back pain in women can be both physiological and pathological conditions.

Among the physiological causes of lower back pain, you need the following:

  • pregnancy;
  • menstruation;
  • menopause.

Pathological causes of pain in the lumbar region can be factors such as:

  • excessive physical load;
  • lack of exercise;
  • hypothermia;
  • diseases of the spine;
  • kidney and urinary tract;
  • pathology of the reproductive system;
  • injury.

Consider in detail each reason, as well as learn how to help themselves in such cases.

Pregnancy and back pain

Very often during pregnancy, accompanied by pain in the lower back, especially in the last trimester. Provoke the emergence of pain syndrome, the following factors:

  • weight gain;
  • the redistribution of the load on the spine;
  • the weakening of the muscle tone;
  • expansion of the pelvic cavity.

These factors have a place in the last months of pregnancy, when the fetus is gaining weight, which reflects the weight of the woman, and the bones of the pelvis to prepare for birth.

At the same time back pain during early pregnancy lines, in most cases, is a dangerous signal, which may indicate early miscarriage. Also the pain can be accompanied by bloody discharge, fever, General weakness etc.

Therefore, in order to avoid the serious consequences of the woman and the fetus, you should inform the doctor-obstetrician-gynecologist about lumbar pain.

Treatment. If back pain is associated exclusively with pregnancy and a woman is not a pathology, relief from the condition it is recommended to use special links, which you can buy at the pharmacy. Such equipment reduces the load on the spine and normalize the center of gravity of the body.

If a woman's significant weight gain over the norm, it is necessary to adjust the diet: limit sweets, pickles, animal fats and other high calorie products.

Also to cope with the back pain help yoga, swimming, Pilates or gymnastics.

Menstruation and back pain

Menstrual pain can be localized not only in the lower abdomen, but lower back, sacrum. A significant role in the occurrence of pain in the lumbar region, in this case it is changes in the hormonal balance of the woman's body.

A sore lower back before menstruation is due to the fact that in this period the blood increases the level of progesterone, which lowers the pain threshold. Therefore, even the most minor uterine contractions, which can cause pain in the lower back.


Also contributing to the emergence of pain in the lower back, before and during menstruation the following factors:

  • accumulation of fluid in tissues, leading to edema, weight gain, stretching of the capsule and ligaments of the organs, especially the uterus, the bladder, which put pressure on the spine and its muscles;
  • reduction of the myometrium separate procedure layer of the endometrium, during which there is irritation of the nerve endings;
  • the presence of uterine contraception — spirals, especially if it is installed wrong
  • the effects of progestins in the intestinal wall, which is manifested by intestinal pain, diarrhea. Therefore, before menstruation often painful coccyx, sacrum and lower back.

Treatment. Severe menstrual pain, the gynecologist may consider the task of drugs. In this case, can be used as antispasmodics or homeopathic remedies. It is also recommended to limit this period, the fluid intake and salt.

Menopause and lower back pain

Menopause is characterized by a weak ovaries, causing drastic hormonal changes in women. Due to the lack of estrogen in the body is reflected in the bones osteoporosis, leading to brittle bone, which is often associated with sore joints and lower back.

At the age of menopause in women significantly increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis, which is characterized by pain in the lower back.

Treatment. You must first find out the cause of low back pain, then appointed to the etiological, symptomatic treatment. The patient has also been named a mineral that strengthens bone tissue, vitamins, physiotherapy, exercise to strengthen the muscle corset back.

Also a medical complex to complement a balanced diet. Your daily diet must be present fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fish, meat and poultry.

Excessive physical load and low back pain

Very often women report pain in the lower back, when lifting weight, overload in the gym, active play with a child, work in the garden etc. These factors lead to spasm of the back muscles, leading to irritation of the nerve endings, which is manifested by pain in the lower back and entire back. The woman also difficult to lean forward.

Normal the next day, the pain should go, if not, you need to consult a neurologist to rule out spinal pathology.

Exercise and low back pain

As the comforts of life such as cars, public transport, elevators, computers, TV, etc., to promote inactivity, which leads to atrophy and decreased muscle strength of the muscles of the body, especially the back.

hypodynamia-low-back pain

The spine protects and locks in a vertical position muscular corset, so any deterioration of disturbed posture, seems to lower back pain and hernias, including the lumbar spine. These diseases are accompanied by back, waist, sacrum.

Treatment. And the only effective way to deal with pain caused by lack of exercise, is to maintain an active lifestyle. It is enough to replace the drive in traffic to walk, the movement of the Elevator to walk the stairs, and sedentary work need to make a small engine breaks down every two to three hours. It is also recommended to do swimming, gymnastics, yoga, nordic walking, etc.

Hypothermia and back pain

Back pain after hypothermia more common to get sick in the hot season than in winter. This is due to the fact that the winter dress up warmly to go out, so the lower back does not feel strong temperature changes. But in the summer, when you're working with heat, lumbar region aktiviziruyutsya blood circulation and increases the muscle activity, so if you blow the slightest breeze, is a muscle spasm, which causes pain.

Treatment. If you have back pain after the draft, you should observe strict bed rest for 2-3 days, brush the lower back pain relief cream, take doctor prescribed medications to eliminate the sauna, hot tub and limited exercise.

Diseases of the spine and lower back pain

Most women suffer from this disease of the spine, such as degenerative disc disease. And lumbar osteochondrosis is more common than loss of other departments of the spine. This is due to the fact that the high mobility of the lumbar vertebrae and put tremendous stress on the spine.


Osteochondrosis faced with such complications, as the formation of hernias, and pinched nerves. Lumbar osteochondrosis and its complications are accompanied by pain in the lumbar region, which can give the lower limbs, the abdomen, the sacrum and the coccyx.

Treatment. In the battle of osteochondrosis of the application of anti-inflammatory drugs and exercise, physiotherapy.

In that case, complications that threaten the disorders of the spine or spinal cord compression, surgical intervention is performed.

Kidney disease, urinary tract infection and back pain

Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract are often accompanied by pain in the lower back. For example, lower back pain is characterized with chronic pyelonephritis. If a sore lower back on the right woman, the reason probably lies in the unilateral lesion of the inflammatory process.

In addition, kidney disease and the urinary tract is rarely manifested only by pain in the lower back. Such patients complain of fever, weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, excessive sweating, frequent urination, appearance of blood or pus in urine etc. For example, back pain and frequent urination in women are most often the symptoms of urinary tract infection urinary stone disease.

Treatment. Treatment of pyelonephritis and cystitis is the use of antimicrobials, because these diseases are caused by pathogenic micro-organisms. In addition to drug treatment, it is necessary to adhere to the diet, the essence of which is an exception to the daily diet of smoked meat, herbs, spices and restriction salt.

Pathology of the reproductive system and lower back pain

gynecological diseases

Lower back pain often a problem for women who suffer from gynecological diseases, namely:

  • ovarian cyst;
  • polyps of the uterine cavity;
  • endometriosis;
  • apoplexy of the ovary;
  • ovarian inflammation;
  • inflammation of the fallopian tubes;
  • cervical cancer and others.

The mechanism of pain associated with gynecological diseases associated with the violation of hormonal background, inflammatory processes that apply to tissue in the lumbar region.

Regardless of the reason for the appearance of low back pain is associated with pain in the stomach, secretions of different nature from the vagina, fever, menstrual disorders and other symptoms, you should consult with a specialist – a gynecologist. One of the gynecological disease the threat of infertility.

As you can see, the causes of lower back pain, the fair sex is much, some of them are physiological and are not dangerous to your health. But in most cases, back pain is a symptom of various diseases, therefore, requires a comprehensive examination and appropriate treatment.