Reasons, a really painful back

Severe pain in the back, is a dangerous symptom, which in any case can not be tolerated. The reasons may be very different from the degenerative changes of the spine, disease of the internal organs. If very painful back, be the first to provide physiological rest, in a comfortable position.

Further measures are to call the doctor at home, and the acute, unbearable, sharp pain, when it is difficult to find a relieving posture, is to call an ambulance. If you attack on a person, happens, not for the first time, and he knows the reason, that you can take analgesic (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug). On the painful site, you can also place a cold cloth. Then contact the clinic and inform the doctor about the worsening of existing disease.

Reasons

Man with pain in the back

A sharp pain in the back has a different origin. The pain syndrome is acute or paroxysmal in nature, appears suddenly, worried, continually or from time to time. The pain can be excruciating, dragging, eripiant partas and grow after a long stay in one position. The lower back, sometimes there is a feeling of stiffness, weight, tingling, it can cause numbness or tingling. Severe back pain, significantly reduces the quality of life, impairs performance.

The risk group includes the following persons:

  1. office workers, programmers, etc (who for a long time sitting at the computer);
  2. people with excess weight;
  3. people who lead a sedentary lifestyle (lack of exercise);
  4. those who work hard, perform intense physical work;
  5. those who have suffered back injury;
  6. professional athletes;
  7. older;
  8. pregnant women, women after giving birth.

To provoke the pain can be sudden careless movement of hypothermia. Diseases, which are accompanied by pain in the low back:

  1. scoliosis;
  2. osteochondrosis;
  3. spondiloarthrosis;
  4. hernia protrusion;
  5. violation of roots;
  6. violation of the cardiovascular system and the respiratory system;
  7. neuralgia;
  8. trauma;
  9. infectious processes, tumors, etc ..
INJURY

Lower back pain can be the result of various injuries: bumps, bruises, fractures, etc Mechanical damage is the reason for immediate treatment to the doctor, even if at first glance, it seems that nothing serious. Pain syndrome with mild injuries (e.g., bruises) can occur immediately, but after some time. In severe cases, in addition to sharp severe pain, it can be noticed, paresis, paralysis.

To determine the severity of the condition the patient is prescribed x-rays, CT, MRI. In some cases, can help only surgery as conservative treatment of injuries is aimed not only at eliminating the symptoms. After the surgery is followed by a long course of rehabilitation. Even this amount of medical intervention does not guarantee that severe back pain will not bother the person even life.

OSTEOCHONDROSIS

The pathological process often localized in the lower back or the cervical spine. The vertebrae have considerable mobility, they are also under considerable pressure as a result of unsustainable physical activity and other circumstances, which lead to the pathological changes. The cartilage that are prone to metabolic disorders, inflammation and accumulation of salts. For the identification of osteoarthritis get an MRI.

Acute pain attack occurs due to degenerative changes in the discs. In the development of the mechanism of the pain, inflammation and trapped nerve roots. A sharp pain in the neck radiating to the shoulder girdle, arms, shoulders. Progression of the disease affects the chest area, severe pains occur in the sternum. Completely heal from degenerative disc disease, it is impossible, however, to improve the quality of life is possible.

SCOLIOSIS Scales

When the irrational distribution of the burden on his back, a long stay in one position, a sedentary way of life the spine undergoes deformation changes. The muscles are constantly having spasms, nerve endings, are violated. From the sharp pain. Onset is often in childhood when a child starts to go to school, spend a lot of time at the Table, carrying heavy textbooks.

For the detection of scoliosis, specific studies are required. Your doctor will determine the curvature without instrumental methods during a routine examination.
KYPHOSIS OF THE THORACIC

This is a violation of the skeleton, where the vertebral column curves posteriorly more anatomical norms. At the beginning of the disease the patient looks inclinavit ergo fleret, with the development of the pathological process, which arises in the club. The shoulders are issued anteriorly, the thorax is narrowed down. Because of this, the intervertebral discs in the chest are compressed and pain. The most dangerous is kifoskolioticheskaya form, the spine is curved, while in the different sections.

SPONDILOARTHROSIS

This disease changes of the cartilage in the joints. The cartilage loses its elasticity and flexibility. Bone tissue is gradually erased, but are shaped pathological bone growths – osteophytes. They cause severe pain and damage to the surrounding soft tissues and nerves. Often, these patients need surgery, because conventional treatments gives a temporary, symptomatic effect.

Hernia EDUCATION

Wear as intervertebral discs lose their elasticity and durability. The vertebrae are therefore the drives for the double load. All of this leads to the fact that the cartilage is beginning to emerge in anatomically normal limits.

In the localization of the pathological process in the spinal canal is disturbed sensitivity, can occur paresis, paralysis. In the result of root compression, causing severe pain attacks. For the detection of hernias with CT scan and MRI. The disease can be treated surgically. Now use the minus traumatica laser surgery, which reduces the time of regeneration.

NEURALGIA

Under the influence of traumatic factors, hypothermia, physical exhaustion, starts inflammation, which affects the nerves also. So the development of neuralgia. Character – sharp, tribunus plebis modestus, "violate" pain in various parts of the back, left or right, bottom, chest, etc., Pain may occur when sharp movement, strong cough.

In this state, take painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills and arrange the correct mode of the day.
INTERNAL MEDICINE

Lower back pain can occur in IBS. You have pain, burning, pressing nature, radiate to the back, shoulders, jaw, left shoulder. It may seem that they are a pain in the left side of the page. The patient may specify the exact data for the breastbone. A typical symptom of the coronary pain relief of nitroglycerin sublingually. Heart pain after pills or nitrospray takes place after 5-10 minutes. If the attack lasts 20 minutes or more, there is reason to think, of myocardial infarction. I have to call an ambulance!

Another cause for severe acute back pain – kidney colic. The process is localized on one side. The pain is so intense that the patient rolls in bed, unable to find a forced position. While dysuric disorders, the urine is separated a little, you can have it in the blood. The pain extends within the ureter down gives in the lower part of the abdomen, of the back. All of these conditions require urgent medical help!

What to do in case of pain syndrome

If the symptoms indicate the disease, the renal origin of pain (especially if the patient knows about the presence of the relevant issues), you have to call an ambulance. Such patients are hospitalized in the intensive care unit. When the coronary syndrome should be semi-sitting position, loosen tight clothing, take under the tongue nitroglycerin. Renal colic is compelled does not constitute patient can help heat the area of the affected side. Conventional painkillers in the kidney, liver, colic, acute coronary syndrome does not help. The patient is administered opioids.

The above-described condition, requiring urgent medical treatment. In other cases, which may endanger the life of the patient. If the patient knows that back problems can be for the ease of the attack take anti-inflammatory analgesic drugs. It is important to ensure complete physiological rest, to remove all of the load in the period of exacerbation.

In diseases of the musculoskeletal system in the acute anti-inflammatory use, calefactionem cunctam ointment. In severe cases, when the pills do not help, doctors may prescribe injections – procaine, lidocaine blockade. If the symptoms do not disappear, prescribe a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

As soon as the situation normalizes, you will need to get to the doctor. If the patient has addressed for the first time, the specialist will determine why back pain and what to do if there is severe pain. In the period of remission, when pain attack stopped, the patient is administered the therapeutic massage exercise therapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, etc All these methods, which are used in the early stages of the disease. In severe cases, surgical intervention is required.

It is useful to wear a special orthopedic corsets that support the back and reduce the load. Such devices are also recommended during pregnancy to reduce the load on the spine. Nice effect on back problems gives physiotherapy. The complex is prescribed by your doctor, and is best done under the supervision of the instructor.

Exercise for the back

Examples of exercises:

  1. Lying on his back. Bend your legs at the knee. Another bend and straighten, touch the ground. Do 10 reps, then switch legs.
  2. Lie on the floor. To bend your leg at the knee. Turns to his knees out to the sides.
  3. Put your hands on his shoulders, that a rotational movement back and forth.
  4. Hands up to his castle. Head tilt back, try to look at the palms.
  5. To do torso twists.

It is important to remember the prevention. If you have extra weight, you need to reset. Should you lead an active lifestyle, especially sedentary workers. The post must be well-designed, that it is better to buy a special reclining chair. You should also pay attention to the shoes, to avoid excessive wearing of high heels or models with a uncomfortable Shoe. Spine disease is easier to prevent than cure, so you need to keep in mind about the above simple and feasible rules.

26.08.2018