Back pain in lower back: symptoms, causes, what methods of treatment.

Why is there pain in the lower back

Pain in the lumbar region of my back is very common. Paleontologists and biologists believe that this is the consequence of this evolutionary acquisition, as bipedalism.

The main reasons

It is possible to allocate two groups of factors that contribute to the occurrence of pain in the lumbar region.

Diseases of the spine and internal organs

Pain may occur from congenital or acquired disease.

So, to congenital malformations, in particular, include:

  • changes and fissures of the vertebrae;
  • irregular shape of the vertebrae, shortening or extension.

Split vertebrae: 1,2 rear, 3,4-lateral, 5-7-front

This problem can occur completely asymptomatic or accompanied by acute pain when performing certain types of slopes, problems with movement, problems with urination, mental retardation.

Causes for lower back pain can have a neurological nature if:

  • in a pinch the nerves in the spine (you can describe the pain as severe and sudden);
  • lumbar degenerative disk disease, which develops as a result of a sedentary and a sedentary lifestyle and causes nagging pain due to overexertion of muscles;
  • sciatica, which is characterized by atrophic changes in the sciatic nerve (most often the pain this illness goes on the buttocks, occur strongly and suddenly).
  • multiple sclerosis (a chronic autoimmune disease sheath of nerve fibers from the spinal cord and brain, causing pain of various localization, severity, and difficult to heal).

In addition, the sharp pain of this nature can also cause:

  • degenerative sacroiliitis is a serious disease that represents a chronic inflammatory process on the surface of the sacroiliac joint;
  • osteoporosis, the cause of which is lack of calcium in the body or violation of his exchange (in the initial stages of the disease is characterized by chronic pain of pain, cramps, changes in posture).

Another type of pain in the lumbar pain with the reflected character.

Can be a typical symptom of many diseases of various organs and systems:

  • infections of the urogenital (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis);
  • unstable bowel function and neoplastic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • hemorrhoids, which arise from sedentary work;
  • tumors and polyps in the uterus;
  • complications of catarrhal diseases (angina, flu, SARS);
  • radiculitis (can bring about lumbar pain radiating to the legs).

In some cases, the cause may be:

  • physiological changes (pregnancy, childbirth, menstruation);
  • excessive physical activity (especially lifting);
  • sudden weight increase;
  • epidural anesthesia.

What diseases and conditions, pain in the lower back?

Causes of pain in men

Causes of pain in men

Lumbar pain in men can have different etiology and are characterized by their distinctive characteristics.

Age and hormonal changes have little effect on the men's spine, however, often problems with the prostate gland can cause a characterized by deep, mild pain.

The main causes of pain in the lumbar spine in men are:


Often they are people who do not carry out their work, physical work, weak back muscles, especially in the broadest muscle.

The ability to distribute the physical load, it is necessary to develop.

When lifting weights untrained person, who carries the entire weight on the lower back, not the biceps, triceps or chest muscles. The result is a stretching of the back muscle latissimus muscle.

When stretched the pain that appears and occurs, decreasing during the hot compresses, heating ointments.

This can be felt if you stand long, and is held in the supine position.


The cause of fracture may be so severe the injury, the injury and banal.

By changing the position of the intervertebral disc and a fracture of the lumbar spine can also cause bad step or loss of balance.

Symptom of a fracture is acute pain in the lower part of the lower back or in the coccyx.

Sometimes the pain may move to the upper or lower extremities, aggravated by change of posture.

Tumor metastasis genitals

Pain, metastasis in the bone tissue of the spine is the strongest, sometimes turning into unbearable.

A visit to the oncologist should not be delayed in painful lower back and testicles or penis.

Such a pain can be removed only with powerful drugs, the process of necrotic tissue, changes in the stop probably not.

Kidney disease

Approximately one-third of the men, patients with low back pain, who are suffering from kidney problems.

Pain in the kidneys is enhanced during movement and a longer stay in the upright position. At rest the pain subsides.

If you long to stand, the pain may gradually increasing.

This is due to the fact that the liquid flows to the kidneys and creates excess pressure on the spine.

After alcohol back pain can also increase.


This disease causes of lumbar pain, right and rear. Sometimes it is a pain in the groin.

Other symptoms of prostatitis are feeling a burning sensation when urinating, problems with erection.

The main cause of disease is stagnation of the blood in the capillaries or bacterial infection.

Causes of pain in women

Causes of pain in women

The female body is constantly exposed to the hormonal changes and shocks.

Some types of pain in the woman's body occur in a norm and not alarming.

The pain associated with the menstrual cycle

Pain, occurring at different times of the menstrual cycle does not necessarily mean a sort of pathology:

  • When menstruation expanded uterus puts pressure on the back muscles, causing discomfort;
  • If the pain occur before my period for 7-8 days, and given in the abdomen, this indicates a need to change the diet. It is better to include in your diet more foods rich in fiber and fruit acids.
  • Pain in the middle of the cycle, which can be associated with the release of the egg from the ovaries;
  • Pain after menstruation evidence of problems in the reproductive system, in this case, a visit to the specialist.

Pain due to pregnancy

In the first few weeks, when the woman does not know her position, she could hurt the lower back and abdomen. This is the type of pain, in nature, similar to premenstrual and often coincide with them in time.

The delay period in this case can mean pregnancy or an infectious process.

Sometimes can be a little stains, which are associated with the introduction of the ovum in the uterine wall.

If pain in the lower part of the abdomen and lower back, and the month, the first thing you need to do is pregnancy test.

Often, as pain will accompany a female for several months, in such cases, the doctor suggests supplementation with magnesium.

During pregnancy, especially in the last stages, the majority of women faced with the pain above or below the waist.

This is because the growing belly exerts a heavy load on the back muscles.

If the pain is constant and is associated with active, expectant mother necessary support, which will distribute the load between different muscle groups.

If the lower back hurts during sleep and in the morning, most likely a woman sleeps in an uncomfortable position.

For the assistance of a special pillow for sleep that supports the body and prevent muscle tension. Lower back pain, the night must be carried out.

Towards the end of the pain may be focused on the lower back right or left: it does not mean the fetal position, and bending posture.

The pain can make the transition from the pregnant woman, when she sits, leaning completely on the bottom.

After an abortion

Women who choose to terminate their pregnancy or to due to health reasons, almost 100% of cases complain of pain after an abortion.

Pain can be:

  • inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (endometritis);
  • stress women;
  • the contraction of the uterus after abortion.

Pain, which may radiate into the leg or to focus on the bottom of the lower back.

The pain associated with the birth of the child

After childbirth, women often experience pain in the back. Sometimes the pain is localized there where the coccyx or sacrum, where it is. This is due to injuries and sprains received during childbirth.

To prevent pain capable of doing special exercises during pregnancy or during a visit to the swimming pool.

Nursing mothers also can perform a set of exercises, with a particular attention to your posture.

If the pain is accompanied by a rise in temperature to 37 degrees and over, the woman suddenly thrown into a fever, should consult a doctor.

Perhaps it is the infectious process.

Pain due to disease of the female reproductive system

For the typically female disease, a symptom, which is pain in the lower back include:


This inflammation of the bladder, which is inherent in more women. Cystitis is easily treated and the diagnosis.

The urine tests for the presence of this disease is to urinate the mount, pull the bottom part of the back when leaning forward, fever.

Infectious processes in the vagina

The number of inflammation in women, which causes pain in the prone position.

This can be candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis or viral diseases.

Similar pain can also be a symptom of kidney damage.

Inflammation of the appendages

If women suffer from the lower back and the ovaries, felt a burning sensation when urinating, elevated body temperature greater than 38 degrees, it is necessary to ultrasonic diagnosis and treatment under the supervision of a specialist (a course of injections or oral medications).

Pain associated with diseases of internal organs

Disease of the bowel or stomach can cause pain in the spine.

Sometimes pain in these disorders can strongly radiate — to give your legs or placed in the stomach.

Similarly, the clinical picture is that the brain incorrectly interpretiruya signal, which serves him to the authorities.

If the pain in lower back and right side, this means that there is a problem with the liver or pancreas.Pain on the left side shows appendicitis or intestinal colic.

In the left pain may occur during running or other physical exercises. Takes place quickly and is not dangerous for health.

The bauble can be tingling and annoying pain.

What to do?

The use of ointments

These types of medicines are very effective to quickly improve your health at home.

The use of ointments

The ointment helps to relieve inflammation, tension, has a warming effect, if it is the cold t.j. the remainder.

There are the following groups of ointments:

  • anti-inflammatory analgesics (they are composed of active substances for the cooling effect, relieves irritation — menthol, lavender, and painkillers);
  • a combination of medications (used for sprains and injuries, along with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties have a healing effect due to their components of heparin, dimethylsulfoxide);
  • medications irritant (effect is based on the expansion of blood vessels and blood flow, that is the source of the pain);
  • chondroprotectors (one of the active ingredients of these drugs is chondroitin sulfate is used in pathological processes in the cartilage that promote active restoration of cartilage surfaces of joints).


The action, which is achieved by injections, similar to having the appropriate ointments or oral drugs.

The specifics of this type of therapy are:

  • Speed. Rapid relief of severe pain is possible only by getting medicines into the bloodstream or muscle.
  • Efficiency. The injections help to deliver the active components, as is the goal. The active substance thus is not destroyed in the digestive tract.
  • The need for the presence of the specialist. Do yourself the injections alone is difficult, so you need to or a daily visit to the clinic or call a nurse at home.
  • It is possible to use only on prescription. As for the treatment of pain and severe pain with injections may consult only your doctor and prescribe the necessary medications. To purchase most of them are only available on prescription.


This method to eliminate the pain is more associated with traditional medicine.

Heating is a good help for pain by nature — sprains, hernia, curvature, osteochondrosis.

In such cases, it is advisable to commit to 10 treatments per day.

In the infectious process, the heat causes the flow of blood into the affected tissue and increase pain.



Massage helps in getting rid of the pain of the lumbar spine.

It is possible that the confidence of a specialist in the clinic or done at home, but in every case, the benefits will be invaluable.

The positive therapeutic effects of massage are:

  • improves the blood flow in the diseased part of the body;
  • kneading muscles, what makes them and ligaments more flexible and elastic;
  • relieve acute pain;
  • how to get rid of the accumulated in the muscles and subcutaneous tissues of toxins;
  • a pleasant sensation that stimulates the nerve endings in the skin;
  • positive emotions.

Well, when the massage is combined with the adoption of the bath or sauna.

Especially, it is useful to take a steam bath with brooms from birch or oak, which stimulates all the vital processes and improves overall body tone.