Pain in the back and the spine and in the neck

The reasons for the emergence of pain in the neck a lot. Conditionally they can be divided in the associated with the musculoskeletal system and diseases of the internal organs. Some conditions that require immediate medical care and even surgical treatment.

Undisputed is the fact of their extraordinary importance of the spine for the health and life of people. This is the reason why nature provides a protective pain in the back triggered every time the spine or associated organs or tissues to undergo pathological processes. It is important to quickly and properly respond to such signals, to make the pain in my back and neck do not become an obstacle to the normal rhythm of life.

The main reasons

The main reasons

Pain in the back and neck, which occur due to many reasons. It should be understood that such symptoms are only an indicator of the disease. Most people believe that pain in the back or neck, that are associated with impaired function of the muscles, bones or joints, which form a critical part of the body. Mostly it is true. However, there are quite a number of arguments refuting this statement. Divide the possible reasons for pain in neck and back pain, into two groups.

Of the musculoskeletal system

The first include factors associated with impaired functioning in the musculoskeletal system of the back and neck:

  • myositis;
  • lumbago;
  • sciatica;
  • ishialgia;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • arthritis;
  • a herniated discs;
  • the shift of the intervertebral joints;
  • between the ribs neuralgia;
  • scoliosis;
  • kyphosis;
  • wrong distribution of physical load;
  • injuries of the back and neck.
Internal medicine

The second group includes the reasons related to the pathology of other organs and systems, when the pain spreads to the nerve endings, which are located in the area of the neck and back:

  • angina pectoris, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction;
  • inflammatory diseases of the kidney;
  • infectious diseases;
  • diseases of the lung, pleura;
  • the presence of tumors in the back or neck.

Cervicalgia

Cervicalgia

The most discomfort a person experiences after, the pain in the spine and in the neck. This condition is called cervicalgia. The neck is vulnerable due to the large number of functions, which are conferred by nature. This is the neck, through the muscles and vertebrae, which provides the necessary mobility of the head. In the inside of the neck are the oesophagus, trachea, major blood and lymphatic vessels.

A pain in the neck often occur in the spine to the left or to the right. The most likely cause of cervicalgia is a spasm of the muscle fibres. This is due to the hypothermia (drought, cold air-conditioning), the injuries, the longer they stay in the same position (on the computer, while sleeping on an uncomfortable mattress), a quick turn of the head or of an unsuitable load. When inflammation of the muscle man in a lot of pain, which may spread to the arm or shoulder. Muscle fibers to swell, pressure on nerve fibers, which takes place in the muscles, causing the pain becomes more intense.

Cervical radiculitis

Very similar to the symptoms of having cervical radiculitis resulting from damage to the spinal roots. Pain can irradiate (give) in the context of nerve fibers, accompanied by a weakness in the hands, stiff neck. Seem, neck, sciatica is less common than lumbar. Diseases occur due to injury, degenerative processes in the spine, the presence of outgrowths on the bones and tumors in the nerve roots.

Osteochondrosis

Pain in the neck and back can also be associated with degenerative changes in the spine: osteochondrosis, and osteoarthritis. Long-term pain is dull in nature associated with a dysfunction of the cartilage of the vertebrae, which thicken and then start to put pressure on the nerve roots. Osteochondrosis causes the blood flow in the brain is pain in the chest, arms and back.

Between the vertebrae hernia

The reason why pain in the spine and in the neck area, could be a herniated disk. This abnormality disrupts the normal functioning of the nervous system, reduces sensitivity, activity and efficiency of muscle fibers. In the case of spinal cord damage is numbness of the limbs, distorted the function of the pelvic organs.

Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, the presence of tumors can lead to the occurrence of pain syndrome of different intensity. This is due to circulatory problems individual tissues, as well as the pressure on the nerve endings.

Dangerous symptoms

Dangerous symptoms

Every time a pain in the neck and back, the man who tries different ways to deal with the problem. To justify this kind of behaviour is possible, because the pain syndrome is very intense and comes on suddenly. However, pay attention to the warning signs that would attract the attention from the real threat to the life of the patient and seek medical attention immediately:

  • pain in the muscles accompanied by a high temperature in the absence of symptoms of the common cold or SARS;
  • the pain is localized in the neck, shoulders, chest, and accompanied by shortness of breath;
  • pain accompanied by numbness of one or both of the extremities, weakening of their muscular strength;
  • pain in the back or neck is an acute character, accompanied by spasms, increases when you cough or sneeze;
  • acute back pain is accompanied by pain in the chest and irradiate under the shoulder blades;
  • sharp pain in neck or back pain occurs in young children or pregnant women.

The prevention and treatment of

As a rule, a pain in the neck and back occur against the background of a sedentary lifestyle, excess weight, stress, improper distribution of the intensity of physical activity. All these elements contribute to the formation of degenerative changes or traumatic factors that violate the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system.

You must follow the rules for lifting and moving heavy objects, avoid sudden movements to strengthen the muscles with the help of sport and physical activity. An important factor in the prevention of diseases of the spine in the fight against excess body weight to reduce the load on the neck and back. However, the food should be rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals.

The use of almost all medications for pain in the neck and back should be agreed with your doctor. The appointment of treatment should be carried out after determining the diagnosis of the disease. It is not recommended to do massage, moxibustion, or massage ointments. Such events, if they do not aggravate the patient's condition, can distort the clinical picture, complicating the diagnosis.

Most often for the treatment of pain in the neck and back specialists recommend-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of pills, capsules, creams, ointments or injections. Popular are medications that contain Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Ketoprofen, Meloxicam. Effective proven to plasters containing active anti-inflammatory drugs: Dolobene, Dorsaplast, Versatis.

You should know that the treatment of conditions involving pain in the back and neck, should be comprehensive and aimed at removing the causes of illness. The amateur approach to the treatment of pain syndrome of the back and neck is unacceptable.

31.07.2018