What to do if your back hurts?

Pain

Back pain is one of the most common complaints of patients. Often, pain in the lumbar or thoracic spine occurs in the background of the disease, which is not directly linked to the back. In this, when the pain in the back, it is very important the correct diagnosis, which is based on the testimony of the patient and specific studies.

The causes of back pain may be:

  • inflammatory diseases of the spine;
  • damage;
  • diseases of the internal organs;
  • weight;
  • pregnancy;
  • neurological disease;
  • incorrect posture, flat feet;
  • not applicable with the norms and stereotypical exercise.

The nature of pain and the events prior to her appearance, help to make a correct diagnosis. Lower back pain can occur after a fall or injury. Be normal damage, which includes pain and self-observation for 12 hours. If the pain has not passed, you should consult with your doctor. If, however, the difficult movement of the limbs, tingling or loss of feeling in them, it was not spontaneous urination or bowel movements – symptoms of spinal cord injury, requiring immediate hospitalization.

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Lower back pain above the waist, accompanied by fever and General malaise may indicate a kidney infection and requires immediate treatment in hospital.

Back pain often increases with the years, which her immobility. Possible causes include osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia and protrusion of the discs, reducing the elasticity of cartilage. If pain occurred after physical activity, housework, heavy lifting, the reason may be, the stretching of muscles or ligaments, as well as a shift of the vertebrae and discs and nerve entrapment. On the basis of a pre-existing spine disease, the probability of such cases increases.

The treatment of back pain

The treatment of spine pain is always a complex event, which includes the following methods:

  • receiving analgesics, the suppression of inflammatory processes;
  • physiotherapy, manual therapy;
  • massage, physiotherapy;
  • ensuring healthy conditions for work and rest;
  • diet aimed at weight reduction and obtain the necessary nutrients to maintain the elasticity of muscles, ligaments, cartilage.

In a separate acute cases may require surgery.

The prevention of back pain

Prevention

To prevent back pain, it is necessary to control a number of factors. First of all, you will need to provide a comfortable place to sleep and work.

Uncomfortable bed, or office chair can lead to a false constant pressure on the spine. Prefer orthopedic Mat, cushions and chairs. To prevent hypothermia, which can cause inflammation.

If your job is associated with physical activity, try to produce as less as possible operations in the forward band. For lifting need to sit with a straight back. Need to watch your weight and try to keep it within the age norm, that would not overload the spine.

Be sure to engage in physical activity, especially swimming, which forms a muscular corset without undue stress on the joints. Wear comfortable footwear to avoid false load on the foot and the musculoskeletal system as a whole.

If you experience persistent back pain, be sure to consult with your doctor. Remember that you can only comprehensive study to determine current chronic diseases, which will be able to correct the clinical picture and will allow you to determine the appropriate treatment. Respect for doctor recommendations, timely medications, and of course special treatments will help you quickly return to a normal life.

21.07.2018