Back pain in the lumbar region

populous often complain of pain in the back, and this is natural: this area represents a large part of the burden. In comparison with other departments, lumbar most vulnerable to disease.

In this article we will understand what happens back pain in the lumbar region, what is causing this and how to get rid of it.

back pain in the lumbar region on the left

Read more about low back pain

Lower back pain, known as lumbago, or "lumbago". Sometimes it is so severe that a person has that unnatural position, his movements are limited. Every movement causes the patient very uncomfortable.

Pain may last a few moments or several days. Then he suddenly stopped, but then again, with even greater power. A person has to adapt to the waves of pain that will not be complete if it is not treated.

Why is a sore lower back?

The reason may be the following factors:

  • dateline driving or computer work in a sitting position;
  • physical exertion, emotional or nervous stress in the workplace;
  • enhanced training in the gym (during the implementation of the exercises standing or sitting);
  • pregnancy and a difficult birth;
  • problems with excess weight.

It happens that the pain goes away by itself. It gives to understand the following: if the lower back annoyed on a regular basis — it is possible the development of serious diseases. And later treatment, it can lead to serious consequences, to get rid of them with surgery.

Lower back pain as a symptom of the disease

There are two types of pain: primary and secondary.

The primary pain syndrome occurs directly in the development of spine disease. This can be:

  • lower back pain lumborum Section;
  • the formation of protrusion of the intervertebral disc;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • spondylosis or spondylarthrosis;
  • diseases of the spine, such as kyphosis, scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis;
  • arthritis;
  • discit, osteomyelitis and tuberculosis of the spine.

Secondary pain syndrome due to disease in other parts of the body. This is due to the following reasons:

  • break;
  • the tumor inside the vertebral canal;
  • persistent muscle spasms;
  • diseases of the internal organs;
  • lapides renibus disease;
  • complicated pregnancy;
  • problems with the ovaries.
back pain in the lumbar region

Classification of pain

Lower back pain can be:

  • strong;
  • sharp;
  • pain;
  • chronic;
  • moved.

Severe pain

Strong pain in osteochondrosis. The pain haunt you constantly when you walk, sit, lift weights, even coughing or sneezing. Sometimes she gives to the lower limbs. This is coupled with numbness and a feeling of "chills".

When lumborum-sacralis radiculitis person feels severe pain in the lower back and other parts of the body: the buttocks, thighs, pelvis and postremo. Painful sensations become stronger in the process of walking, coughing, changes in body position.

The first of these signs you should consult a neurologist. It is recommended to sleep on a hard bed, to maintain the lower back in the correct anatomical position.

Acute pain

Acute pain in humans occur in the following cases:

  • muscle cramps;
  • a long stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • work with weights;
  • damage;
  • the sudden movement;
  • hypothermia;
  • draft.

To overcome these pains, you will need to use gels and ointments, which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. They will help to improve blood circulation and get rid of the edema. If after two or three days after the first symptoms of pain in the low back it is not, then it is time to consult a doctor.

In the early days, when the pain in the back are particularly strong, it is better to stay in bed.

Pain pain

Pain lower back pain can occur due to myositis or muscle inflammation in the lower back. The man is shackled in his movements, because he feels pain when making even the simplest movement.

To eliminate pain one must first take a warm shower and then put on warm clothes. Physical activity, are excluded. For the relief of disease, it is recommended to RUB the ointments is tepidus effect. If the pain after three days does not pass, it is best to consult a doctor.

Chronic pain

This is often due to the pain, it becomes deformavit spondylosis. People with this disease very worried about lower back, may develop loss of sensation and weakness in the legs.

Chronic pain may also occur due to ankylosing spondylitis, problems with metabolism or cancer. To cope with this disease in the home will not work. To identify the cause in the early stages too difficult. Therefore, the occurrence of pain, which are not more than three days, and even worse, should consult a doctor.

severe back pain in the lumbar region

Displaced pain

This type is characterized by "confusion". The person feels pain in the loins and believes that the problems with the spine. But displaced pain usually occur due to diseases of organs located in the pelvic area, tumors and diseases of the digestive tract and the kidneys.

In some cases, you have to go to the doctor?

In the presence of any symptom from the list below, you should immediately consult a doctor.

  • severe pain in the lumbar region does not go away after three days and more;
  • cause of pain in the spine, injury to know about (for example, a few days before this accident, or falls on the back);
  • get sick at the same time the lower back, hip, leg and foot;
  • pain lose sensitivity in the buttocks, thighs, leg, foot and groin.

How to treat lower back pain?

Typically, the patient is integrated treatment, where attention is paid to the lumborum region and the spine and nearby organs.

Treatment is divided into two types: conservative and operational.

Conservative treatment is the treatment of events in which the recovery of the patient, achieved with the use of medications (drugs), and with the use of alternative techniques .

Conservative treatment may be of several types:

  • taking specific medicines;
  • physiotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage.

Drug therapy

back pain in the lumbar region of the treatment

Creams and gels

Grease medicines in the mild form, which is intended for external use on the affected area of the body. The ointment is composed of two parts: the base and the active drug substance.

Ointments as a medicinal product that is effective in the case that you need to improve the situation at home. They help people relieve pain, inflammation, muscle spasms. Some are tepidus effect for lumbar, which is useful if the frigus.

As tepidus drug excellent performance, they are a Chinese patch for back.

There is the following classification of ointments:

  1. Anti-inflammatory ointment analgesic effect. Have a cooling effect, due to the fact that they contain menthol and lavender.
  2. Combined ointments. They are used for injuries and sprains. In addition to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which have a healing effect, which is achieved at the expense of demethyl sulfoxide and heparin in the ointment.
  3. Medications with the effect of expanding the blood vessels. Increases the the circulation of blood in the affected area.
  4. Chondroprotectors. Used in the pathology of cartilage. Due to the chondroitin sulfate these drugs restore the joints.

Injection

Injection involves the injection of medication into a muscle or vein, to accelerate the "delivery" medication for the inflamed place. It is important that the needle was sharp – so, not the skin, not the muscles that are damaged.

Peculiarities of injection are:

  • The speed of the treatment.
  • The effectiveness of the treatment. The active substance is not exposed to any degenerative processes in the digestive tract.
  • The need for a professional approach to the introduction of the injection. Yourself better, not to make myself injections either every day to go to the doctor or call your doctor at home.
  • Requires a specialist appointment. Appropriate medication may be prescribed only by your doctor. And a lot of drugs without a prescription and cannot be purchased.

Exercise and charging

Physiotherapy — a method of treatment of the disease and reduce the pain in the back. Tasks physical therapy is the restoration of the skeletal-muscle system, improve the condition of the patient and correcting posture.

When pain in the back, it is recommended to perform the following tasks:

  1. Start position — supine. Necessary to alternately lift the left and right leg. The maximum height is ten to fifteen inches. The raised leg to hold the weight for 10-15 seconds. Exercise 10-15 times on each leg.
  2. In the supine position and bend your knees. The bending angle of 90-100 degrees. At the end of the exercise bent leg must be tilted to the right and to the left until it stops. The exercise is performed 15 times.
  3. You will need to slowly and gradually bend in different directions. During exercise the back should be as straight as possible. Enough to 20 of tilt in each direction.
  4. Starting position — standing on all four. Not swings opposite arms and legs (for example, to use the right arm and left leg) at the same time. Works 10-15 times
  5. "The bridge". On all four with your belly out, you must arch your back upwards and locked in this position so long as you have enough power. To perform the exercise at least 5 times.
back pain in the lumbar region massage

Massage

Massage is a treatment method designed to impact on the active points of the person, using the hands or special devices. This method is well proven in the fight with pain in the lumbar region. However, the massage should be done only by a qualified technician, because a bad specialist can harm the health of the spine.

The advantages of massages:

  • improves the blood flow in the affected part of the body;
  • makes muscles and tendons more flexible and elastic;
  • relieves acute pain;
  • removes toxins from the body;
  • creates a pleasant feeling, through massage sensitive parts of the body;
  • a positive impact on mood.

Massage is better to be combined with the adoption of the bath or sauna. This is especially useful for couples brooms from birch or oak: increase body tone.

Heat and cryotherapy

This method of treatment, refers to folk medicine. Warming help for pain not associated with inflammation. For example, this is a sprain, hernia, curvature of the spine or degenerative disk disease. Cryotherapy, on the other hand, is effective in acute forms of inflammation.

Don't forget! In the presence of infection in the body warming loses its positive effects. The stronger the flow of blood contributes to the appearance in the human body severe pain and inflammation of the area can be increased.

Disease prevention

To avoid the re-occurrence of pain in the lumbar region, we recommend, you must abide by three main rules:

  • Regular exercise

Exercise should be restorative in nature. Are equally affect all groups of muscles, including the back and the abdomen. They are encouraged to do every day at least twenty to thirty minutes. Suitable for morning exercise, Jogging, swimming or brisk walking.

  • To maintain water-salt balance

Per day per person is recommended to drink up to three liters of fluid. If you want to do this, use a clean mineral water. Sodas, coffee and tea are bad for the kidneys and do not saturate the body.

More water should be drunk in the morning. After 20.00, it is better to reduce the amount of water consumed, because it can cause pain and swelling in the kidneys.

  • Eat right and visit a doctor

Change your daily diet. You should reduce the amount of fatty, fried and smoked food, or do not exclude it – it is better to add healthy meals and products. The most useful ones steamed or boiled. In the daily diet should be as many products that are needed by the body, saturated with vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

It is recommended to undergo annual medical examinations including a full examination of the body. Women should regularly visit the gynecologist, men — urologist. The health of children must be controlled at the level of educational institutions — established-UPS will help you to detect the disease as soon as possible and start treatment.

The main condition for maintaining a healthy spine is the right way of life!

In addition to these three rules, there are several that also are advised to follow:

  • To monitor your posture.
  • Avoid awkward posture at a work session. The knees must be above the level of the pelvis. Must sit on a low chair, or place a stand under the feet. Better if it is between the loins and the back of the chair (the chair) a small pillow.
  • When office work is to regularly move. Every hour, to take breaks for a small charge.
  • To sleep on a hard orthopaedic mattress.
  • To properly lift weights. This is done with the flexion of the knee. You will need to pass the object, bending the knees, while keeping your back straight.
  • If you transfer the weight to distribute the load between both hands.

Finish

Lower back pain is a dangerous symptom, which is characterized by variability.

Take care of your health, don't hesitate to trips to the doctor and keep an active lifestyle – then problems with the spine you'll have.

28.07.2018