Deforming arthrosis (osteoarthritis) is a progressive pathology, leading to degeneration, and degeneration of the articular surfaces, and the defeat of the cartilage, as long as its the complete destruction of the joint.
Deforming arthrosis is usually detected in elderly and senile age, when there are concomitant factors and diseases are often revealed by the research, however, does not manifest itself clinically.
Deforming arthrosis is the most frequent and common pathology of the joints. It is found in 70% of the total of a disease of the joints.
The exact cause of deforming arthrosis of today, it is not clear, however, highlighted some of the factors that significantly increase the likelihood of its development. First of all, it is common to the aging and to the degenerative phenomena in the tissues, changes in the cartilage of the joint of the bag.
The factors that influence the development of osteoarthritis can be divided into:
Deforming arthrosis, as one of the symptoms can be alcoholism or myxedema, acromegaly, or treatment with hormones, congenital dislocation of the hip joint, Marfan syndrome (a hereditary disease characterized by excessive mobility of the joints and to the extension of the bone). immobility of the joint)
In the development of a deforming arthrosis, there are a number of natural successive stages of a sequence:
First of all, the main manifestation of deforming arthrosis is the
The process, which often occurs in the knee, hip and phalangeal joint.
If the disease progresses to the point of destruction of the cartilage, the pain gets up to lock the joint, when walking to the develop severe pain that does not move the legs, and allows it to be stopped. This is because they have got in common the same pieces of cartilage or small bone fragments (joint "mice").
The joints of the phalanges are incurred to tie-dye, a very solid level of education, and the joints are severely deformed, the muscles do not undergo atrophy, the immobility of the joint.
The inside of the joints when moving around, or hear the crunch due to the friction of the rough surface in front of you.
Because of the pain and restriction of mobility, can form contractures (muscle contractions), which shortens the leg or the arm.
Deforming arthrosis of its forms, like the various forms of arthritis in the first place, it is necessary to distinguish from rheumatoid arthritis.
The typical criteria for the diagnosis of deforming arthrosis exists, it may be externally visible only by the node on the phalanges. The suspicion of osteoarthritis is caused by:
On the basis of diagnostics is radiological data that occurs before the period of clinical manifestations, and joint pain.
The apparent narrowing of the joint space, changes in the flattening and deformation of the joint surfaces, instability of the joint dysfunction and subluxations, highly visible, regional growth, of the bones osteosclerosis (excessive increase of bone density).
As the progression of the process is shown, the bony spikes and bumps, a common room, which can become wedge-shaped.
It complements the study of arthroscopy, a study of the blood, without any signs of an infection.
It is necessary to carry out the study of periarticular fluid.
The same symptoms can be signs of a variety of disorders and diseases may be encountered, not a textbook. Don't try to be a present for yourself — you should consult with your health care provider.
The treatment included traumatologists and orthopedists.
The methods of treatment of deforming arthrosis depending on its degree of involvement in the process of the joints, as well as the duration of the injury, and the presence of pain.
First, the use of conservative treatment
Supplements in the treatment of
If there is inflammation in the joint, suggesting a course of hormones – hydrocortisone the inside of the joint.
It is also a number of massages, physiotherapeutic effect, to the sludge tank. The beneficial Spa treatments.
In more extreme cases, the help of surgical treatment – arthroplasty. In the future, showing the unloading of the joint, reduction of the body weight, walking with the support of a cane or crutches, and physical therapy.
Deforming arthrosis without treatment is a slow but steadily progressive course. Lead to disability, and a major failure of the joints and impaired movement. Therefore, when you encounter the first signs of osteoarthritis are displayed for the active therapy of the courses last for 1-2 months.